Being Prepared for Hiking

May 11th 2018

It is time in the season, We are all getting out side to see the wilderness,  Here are some Items and things that you might like to know and have with you ... for those unknown emergencies, Each person need to have there own kit, not to rely on you if you or they get separated from the group.          

The New 10 Essential you should have when hiking or camping in the wilderness.

  • 1.Appropriate footwear and clothing. For a short day hike that doesn’t involve a heavy pack or technical terrain, trail shoes are great. You need to get foot wear that meets you needs longer hikes, carrying heavier loads, or more technical terrain, hiking boots or shoes offer more support and good socks will help prevent blisters. Make sure if you get new boots wear them around home before taking a long hiking get them broken in. Clothing that is best for the outdoors
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  • 2.Map and compass & GPS. A map and compass tell you where you are and how far you have to go. Get the maps of the area you are going to before taking the trip, GPS units are very useful, know how to use it before heading off in the wilderness always carry a map and compass as a backup. Make sure you have back up batteries for your GPS Unit.   
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  • 3.Extra water and a way to purify it. Without enough water, you are susceptible to hypothermia and altitude sickness and dehydration. Everyone should carry minimum of 2 - 4 liters of water per person, a water filter for those longer hikes and a Titanium canteen cup and or both stainless steel bottle if you need to heat up something.
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  • 4.Extra food. Any number of things could keep you out longer than expected: Getting lost, an injury to you or someone in your group or difficult terrain. Extra food will help keep up energy. The best food is something that you don’t have to cook - ready to eat meals and trail mix are the best. Take more than you need you might need the extra for the time you might be out there for the unknown issues.  
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  • 5.Rain gear and extra clothing. Dressing in layers allows you to adjust to changing weather and activity levels. No cotton and a hat and gloves are great to have with you, as well as few large trash bags, Check the weather before going out. 
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  • 6.Safety items: Fire, light, and a loud whistle. The warmth of a fire and a hot drink can help prevent hypothermia. Fire starting material: Always have 2 ways to make fire two different sources matches, Lighter, magnesium fire starter, fire steel.  Fires are also a great way to signal for help if you get lost. If lost, you’ll also want the whistle as it is more effective than using your voice to call for help (use 3 short bursts). And just in case you’re out later than planned, a flashlight/headlamp with minimum of 100 lumens is a must-have item to see your map and where you’re walking. Extra back up flashlight and extra batteries are recommended. Another item for signaling is an orange bandana for signaling 
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  • 7.First aid kit. You need items that you can treat major injuries with and not just minor injuries. There are many brands out there and good IFAK first aid kit Double your effectiveness with knowledge: Take a Wilderness First Aid class to keep your skills up to date.  
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  • 8.Knife and or multi-purpose tool. These enable you to remove splinters, fix broken eyeglasses, and perform a whole host of repairs on malfunctioning gear.
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  • 9.Sun screen for your face and lips and sunglasses. Especially above tree line when there is a skin-scorching combination of sun and snow, you’ll need sunglasses to prevent snow blindness and sunscreen to prevent sunburn. This is for each person
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  • 10. Day pack / Backpack. You’ll want something you can carry comfortably and that has the features designed to keep you hiking smartly. The pack should have good shoulder straps and a waist strap to secure it to your body while hiking or climbing. A rain cover for your backpack is a plus. Always keep the other Essentials in the pack and you’ll always be ready to hit the trail safely. The back pack needs to carry all the items listed above and to carry other items that you might need 25-30 liters is a good size to start with   
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Never be separated from your pack because it is your life line!!!!!!